- YAHWEH (or Jehovah)
Strong’s Old Testament #3068
Definition: Eternal, Self-Existent; the Jewish National Name of God.
Among the Jews, the proper Name of the one True God was unpronounced, and the vowels were omitted in speaking and writing because of its sacredness. The Name “Adonai” (Strong’s #136) was spoken in place of Yahweh. The tettragrammation Y-HW-H is traditionally pronounced as “Jehovah” (or Yehovah).
In the King James Version, Yahweh (or Jehovah) is usually translated as “LORD” (ALL CAPS), and in many instances translated as “GOD” (ALL CAPS).
The Names YHWH and Jehovah are used interchangeably. YHWH is the original Divine Name and considered to be too holy to utter, and thus later was pronounced as Jehovah. Often times, the Name “Hashem” (meaning: “The Name”) is used when referring to the Divine Name of God.
Isaiah 42:8 “I am the LORD (YHWH); that is My Name; and My glory will I not give to another, neither My praise to graven images.”
Exodus 6:3 “And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; by the Name of God Almighty (El Shaddai), but by My Name Jehovah was I not known to them.”
Psalm 83:18 “That men may know that Thou, whose Name alone is Jehovah, art the Most High over all the earth.”
Jeremiah 32:17 “Ah Lord GOD (Adonai YHWH)! Behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for Thee.”
- Yehovih (Strong’s #3069) is a variation of Yahweh. It is translated as “LORD” or “GOD”, but is pronounced as “Elohim” (Strong’s #430).
- Yah (Strong’s #3050) is a contraction of Yahweh and means the same as Yahweh. This shortened Name is used in many compounds, such as names beginning with “Je” (in English) or names and words ending with “iah” or “jah”. Hallelu-jah means: “Praise be to Jah” (“Praise be to Jehovah”).
- Hayah (Strong’s #1961) is the root word in which the Name Yahweh (or Jehovah) is derived. Hayah is translated in Exodus 3:14 as “I AM” (“I AM that I AM”) – “hayah ‘aher hayah”). Meaning, “I will be what I will be” or “I will be all that is necessary as the occasion will arise”.
Names of God – More Names of God in the Old Testament
- EL. Translated as “God”.
Strong’s Old Testament #410.
Definition: God, the One True Almighty God, Yahweh. El can also be used to refer to a false god, mighty men, men of rank, mighty things in nature, strength, power and angels.
- ELOAH. Translated as “God”.
Strong’s Old Testament #433.
Definition: God, the One True Almighty God. Eloah used of God, as The One and True Deity. Can also be used to refer to a false deity.
- ELOHIM. Translated as “God”.
Strong’s Old Testament #430. Plural of Eloah (#433).
Definition: Specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the Supreme God, Yahweh. Can also be used in reference to false gods. Occasonally applied by way of deference to magistrates, and sometimes as a superlative (exceeding, great, excellent). Can refer to God-like ones. Can be used to denote rulers, judges, angels, works or special possessions of God. In Genesis 1:1, in creation, we see that it was Elohim who created the heavens and the earth. Elohim denotes a plural of Beings, alluding to the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit).
- ADONAI. Translated as “Lord”.
Strong’s Old Testament #136.
Definition: Adonai is a proper royal Name and title of God spoken out of reverence in place of Yahweh. Also used of men (lord, master).
In the King James Version, Adonai (when in reference to God) is translated as “Lord” (title case), while Yahweh is translated as “LORD” (upper case).
Adonai is an emphatic form of Adown (#113). Adown means: sovereign, to rule, strength, lord, master, king, governor, husband, prophet, prince, priest, captain, Theophanic Angel, one designated as having authority. Used for names beginning with “Adoni-“.
Strong’s Old Testament #7706.
Definition: The Almighty. Most Powerful. Referring to the One and Only True and Living God, Yahweh. The All-Sufficient One. The many breasted One (His provision never runs dry, and He is nurturing).
Strong’s Old Testament #5945.
Definition: Most High God. The Highest. A Name of God. The Supreme God. Also used in reference to rulers, angels, princes, Davidic kings exalted above monarchs.