Part 14: The Holy Spirit – Functions, Actions and Emotions

 

  1. Abides WITH us. (John 14:17, 2 Cor 13:14, 1 John 3:24, Phil 2:1, Ps 51:11, Ps 139:7)
  1. The Spirit can depart from people, as in the case with King Saul. (1 Sam 16:14)
  1. Abides INSIDE of the hearts/spirits of born again believers in Christ.  (Gen 41:38, Num 27:18, John 14:17, Rom 8:9, 1 Cor 3:16, 1 Cor 6:19, 2 Cor 6:16, Gal 4:6, Eph 3:17, Eph 5:18, 2 Tim 1:14, 1 John 4:13, Rev 3:20)
  1. Spirit comes UPON people.  (Matt 3:16, Matt 12:18, Mk 1:10, Lk 1:35, Lk 2:25, Lk 3:22, Lk 4:18, Lk 24:49, John 1:32, Acts 1:8, Acts 2:17, Acts 10:44-45, Acts 11:15, 1 Pet 4:14, Num 11:25,29, Num 24:2, Judg 3:10, 1 Sam 10:10, 1 Sam 16:13, Isa 11:2, Isa 42:1, Joel 2:28)
  1. Spirit ENTERS into people.  (Ezek 2:2, Ezek 3:24)
  1. Spirit FILLS people.  (Ex 28:3, Ex 31:3, Ex 35:31, Ezek 36:27, Neh 9:30, Isa 63:11, Lk 1:15,41,67, Acts 2:4, Acts 4:8, Acts 4:31, Acts 6:3,5, Acts 7:55, Acts 9:17, Acts 10:38, Acts 11:24, Acts 13:9, Eph 5:18)
  1. Has a mind. (Rom 8:27, Isa 40:13-14)
  1. Has a will and determines decisions. (1 Cor 12:11, Acts 15:28)
  1. Possesses emotions.  Love (Rom 15:30).  Joy (1 Thess 1:6).  Peace (Rom 14:17).  Can be grieved (Eph 4:30).  Can be vexed (Isa 63:10).  Can feel anger, be provoked and tried (Acts 5:9, Heb 3:7-12 NKJV).
  1. He IS the fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22-23).  Love, Joy, Peace, Longsuffering, Gentleness, Goodness, Faith, Meekness, Temperance.
  1. Can be resisted. (Acts 7:51)
  1. Can be lied to. (Acts 5:3)
  1. Can be blasphemed. (Matt 12:31-32)
  1. By lack of faith or rebellion, one can LIMIT the Spirit or tie His hands (Ps 78:41).  God wanted so much to pour out abundant blessings upon the children of Israel, but they continued to murmur, complain, doubt Him and provoke Him.  They limited the Holy One of Israel because they heard God’s Word, but did not mix it with faith.  They wouldn’t receive what God had for them, but instead, they had an evil heart of unbelief.  They resisted the Holy Ghost and spoke evil against the Lord and God’s servant Moses.  God won’t override our will.
  1. Can be quenched. (1 Thess 5:19)
  1. Can be rebelled against. (Ps 106:33, Isa 63:10)
  1. A person can harden their heart toward the Spirit (Heb 3:7-8).
  1. The Spirit speaks.  “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.” (Matt 10:20, Mk 13:11, John 16:13, Acts 8:29, Acts 10:19, Acts 13:2, Acts 21:11, Acts 28:25, 1 Tim 4:1-3, Heb 3:7, Rev 2:7,11,17,29, Rev 3:6,13,22, Rev 22:17, Ezek 2:2, Ezek 3:24, Ezek 11:1-2,5).
  1. The Spirit hears (John 16:13).
  1. The Holy Ghost commissions and sends forth into ministry (Acts 13:2-4).  As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, “Separate Me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.”  And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.  So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia, and from thence they sailed to Cyprus.  See also Isa 48:16, Acts 8:29-40, Acts 10:19-48.
  1. The Spirit forbids (Acts 16:6-7).
  1. The Spirit renews (Titus 3:5).
  1. Refreshes (Acts 3:19).  “Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord.”
  1. Sanctifies (Rom 15:16, 2 Thess 2:13, 1 Pet 1:2).  Jesus said in Matt 3:11 and Luke 3:16 that He would baptize us with the Holy Ghost and with fire.  The fire of the Holy Ghost purges impurities.  Malachi 3:2-3 says, “But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s fire and like launderer’s soap. He will sit as a refiner and a purifier of silver. He will purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer to the Lord an offering in righteousness.”
  1. Teaches (Neh 9:20, 1 Cor 2:13, John 14:26, Lk 12:11-12, 1 John 2:20).
  1. Appoints Overseers (Acts 20:28).
  1. Reveals things to us, Imparts Revelation. (Eph 1:17-19, Matt 16:16-17, Lk 2:26, John 16:13, 1 Cor 2:10)
  1. Strengthens (Eph 3:16).
  1. Quickens – brings life, makes alive (John 6:63, Rom 8:11, 1 Pet 3:18).  It is the Spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life (John 6:63).
  1. Comforts (Acts 9:31, John 14:16,26, John 15:26, John 16:7).
  1. Intercedes (Rom 9:26-27).
  1. Imparts spiritual gifts (1 Cor 12:4-11, Heb 2:4). The nine Gifts of the Spirit in 1 Corinthians 12 are:

Revelation Gifts:

  • Word of Wisdom, Word of Knowledge, Discerning of spirits

Utterance Gifts:

  • Prophecy, Tongues, Interpretation of Tongues

Power Gifts:

  • Faith, Healings (plural), Miracles

1 Corinthians 12:4-11 says, “There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.  There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord.  And there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God who works all in all.  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to each one for the profit of all.  For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another discerning of spirits, to another different kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.  But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills.”

Hebrews 2:4 “God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will.”

  1. Leads and Guides (Matt 4:1, Lk 4:1, Rom 8:14, Gal 5:18, John 16:13).
  1. Strives with man for a long time, but won’t always strive with man (Gen 6:3, 1 Sam 16:14, Ps 51:11, Heb 6:4-6, Heb 10:26-31).
  1. Bears witness (Rom 8:16, Heb 10:15, 1 John 5:6).
  1. Testifies (John 15:26, Acts 5:32, Acts 20:23).
  1. The Spirit brings about rebirth and regeneration (John 3:5-8).
  1. The Holy Spirit is our seal (deposit of guarantee) of our salvation. Eph 1:13-14 “In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.”  2 Cor 1:21-22 “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee.”
  1. Convicts the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness (John 16:8).
  1. The Holy Spirit glorifies Jesus (John 16:14).
  1. The Spirit spoke through the prophets (2 Sam 23:2, Acts 1:16, Acts 21:10-11, Acts 28:25, 2 Pet 1:21).
  1. The Holy Ghost is the author of the Holy Scriptures (2 Tim 3:16-17).
  1. The Holy Spirit is a gift from the Father (Lk 11:13).
  1. The Spirit was sent to this earth by the Father (John 14:26) and the Son (John 15:26).
  1. The Spirit only speaks what the Father and Son tell Him to speak (John 16:13).
  1. No man can say that Jesus is Lord, except by the Holy Ghost (1 Cor 12:3).
  1. The Spirit helps us pray, whether in our own tongue or in a language we’ve never learned. It could be a language of this earth or one of heaven.  (1 Cor 14:14-15, 1 Cor 13:1, Jude 20, Eph 6:18, Rom 8:26).
  1. The Holy Ghost descended upon Jesus Christ in bodily form, alighting on Him as of a dove (Luke 3:22).
  1. The Spirit overshadows.  He overshadowed Mary and she conceived Jesus the Messiah (Luke 1:35).  He overshadows us and we conceive and become pregnant spiritually, carrying the seed of dreams, promises and ministries that He places within us to be birthed.
  1. Endues us with power and boldness. (Luke 4:14, Lk 24:49, Acts 1:8, Acts 4:31, Acts 10:38, Rom 15:13,19, 1 Cor 2:4)
  1. The anointing of the Holy Ghost heals. (Acts 10:38, Acts 4:29-31, Lk 5:17, 1 Cor 12:7-11, Isa 61:1-3 corresponds to Luke 4:18-21)
  1. The Spirit raised Christ from the dead and also quickens our mortal bodies (Rom 8:11).
  1. The Spirit imparts life (Isa 32:15, John 6:63, John 7:38-39, Rom 8:2,10, 2 Cor 3:6, Gal 6:8, Rev 11:11, Rev 21:6).
  1. The Holy Ghost imparts love inside of our hearts. “The love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost” (Rom 5:5).  “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, self-control” (Gal 5:22-23).  Also see Col 1:8, 1 Pet 1:22.
  1. The Holy Ghost imparts joy (Ps 16:11, Lk 1:41-45, Acts 2:1-18, Acts 13:52, Rom 14:17, Rom 15:13, Gal 5:22, 1 Thess 1:6).
  1. The Spirit imparts peace (John 14:26-27, Rom 15:13, Gal 5:22-23, Eph 4:3, Phil 4:7)
  1. We are led by the Spirit of God (Rom 8:14). “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.”  See also Gal 5:16-18 “But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.”

The Living Bible words Gal 5:16-18 this way:  “I advise you to obey only the Holy Spirit’s instructions. He will tell you where to go and what to do, and then you won’t always be doing the wrong things your evil nature wants you to.  For we naturally love to do evil things that are just the opposite from the things that the Holy Spirit tells us to do, and the good things we want to do when the Spirit has His way with us are just the opposite of our natural desires. These two forces within us are constantly fighting each other to win control over us, and our wishes are never free from their pressures. When you are guided by the Holy Spirit, you need no longer force yourself to obey Jewish laws.”

  1. The Holy Spirit works in our life to produce good fruit (Gal 5:22-23).  John 15:1-8 says, “I am the true vine and My Father is the gardener.  He cuts off every branch in Me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit He prunes so that it will be even more fruitful.  You are already clean because of the Word I have spoken to you.  Remain in me, and I will remain in you.  No branch can bear fruit by itself, it must remain in the vine.  Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in Me.  I am the vine, you are the branches.  If a man remains in Me and I in him, he will bear much fruit.  Apart from Me you can do nothing.  If anyone does not remain in Me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned.  If you remain in Me and My words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be given you.  This is to My Father’s glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be My disciples.”
  1. We are commanded to walk after, walk in, and live in the Spirit, and good fruit will be the result (Rom 8:1, Gal 3:3, Gal 5:16,25).
  1. The Spirit searches the deep things of God (1 Cor 2:9-11).  “For it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love Him. But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God knows no man, but the Spirit of God. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God, that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.”
  1. The anointing of the Holy Ghost breaks yokes and bondages off of our lives.  Isaiah 10:27 says, “And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.” 2 Cor 3:17 states: “Now the Lord is that Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.”
  1. Both the Spirit and the Bride say “Come” (Rev 22:17).
  1. The Spirit works in us to change us into the image of Jesus Christ.  It’s a step by step process, from one degree of glory to another (2 Cor 3:18).
  1. The Holy Spirit was the pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by night in the wilderness.
  1. The Holy Spirit is very tender and easily wounded. His heart is very sensitive.
  1. In many churches, the services are governed by man, and the Holy Spirit is either completely left out, or is restrained from moving the way in which He would like to move. The Spirit makes His presence known to those who want Him near. He wants to be welcomed, loved and embraced.  Even in our own personal lives, we can ignore the promptings of the Holy Spirit and do our own thing. Or we can choose to yield to the Spirit’s leadings.
  1. The Holy Spirit usually speaks in a still, small voice (1 Kings 19:12). To hear His Voice, we have to be still before Him (“Be still and know that I am God” – Ps 46:10).
  1. The Holy Spirit is Omnipotent (All-Powerful) – Job 33:4. “The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.”
  1. The Spirit is Omniscient (All-Knowing) – Isa 40:13-15. “Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord, or as His counselor has informed Him? With whom did He consult and who gave Him understanding? And who taught Him in the path of justice and taught Him knowledge, and informed Him of the way of understanding? Behold, the nations are like a drop from a bucket, and are regarded as a speck of dust on the scales; behold, He lifts up the islands like fine dust.”
  1. The Spirit is Omni-Present (everywhere at the same time). Psalm 139:7 “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence?”
  1. The Holy Spirit wants us to come before His presence with singing and praise (Ps 95, Ps 100).  Worship through song and musical instruments ushers in God’s glory.  Have you noticed that when the congregation, or you by yourself, begin to worship the Lord especially through song and musical instruments, the Holy Spirit comes in.  His presence is so powerful, yet also so sweet.

2 Chronicles 5:13-14 “It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised the Lord, saying, For He is good; for His mercy endureth forever; that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the Lord. So that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the Cloud. For the glory of the Lord had filled the house of God.”

  1. The Holy Ghost has the power to remove mountains in our life. Psalm 97:5 “The hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth”.  And Zechariah 4:6-7 says, “This is the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit says the Lord of Hosts. Who art thou, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain; and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.”
  1. The Spirit gathers (Isa 34:16).
  1. The Spirit blows (Isa 40:7).
  1. The Spirit gives utterance (Acts 2:4).
  1. The Spirit translated people (carried them away, transported them) from one place to another.

PHILIP (Acts 8:39)

EZEKIEL (Ezek 3:12,14, Ezek 8:3,7,14,16, Ezek 11:1,24, Ezek 43:5)

ENOCH (Gen 5:24, xref Heb 11:5)

ELIJAH (2 Kings 2:11)

PAUL caught up to the third heaven (2 Cor 12:2-4).

JOHN the Beloved caught up to the New Jerusalem and Heaven’s Throneroom (Book of Revelation).

  1. The Spirit of God lifts up a standard against the enemy (Isa 59:19).
  1. 2 Cor 13:14 encourages us to develop sweet communion with the Holy Spirit.  Phil 2:1 mentions the fellowship of the Spirit. He is very Precious. He is our Friend. He is the one who understands and knows you better than any other person. He is our life. David prayed, “Do not take Your Holy Spirit from me” (Ps 51:11). And Moses said that he would not proceed unless God’s presence went with him (Ex 33:14-17).

“Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If any man hears My voice, and opens the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with Me” (Rev 3:20).

  1. The Spirit governs the Church (Body of Christ).  The seven churches in Revelation 1-3 represent seven actual churches in John’s time. To us today, the seven churches speak of seven groups of people within the corporate body of Christ, or seven kinds of churches. “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches” (Rev 3:22).
  1. The Shekinah glory is usually associated with the presence of the Holy Spirit, although in a Bible Dictionary, I read that the Shekinah was an ancient angel which was later called the Shekinah.  Jesus is that ancient angel.  He is referred to as the angel of the Lord in the Old Testament when He would appear in person at times (called a theophany). He’s not an angel, in the sense of created angelic beings (because He and His Father created the angels).  The word angel means “messenger”.  Jesus is God.  Scriptures say that the Holy Spirit is the spirit of both the Father and the Son, and the Son proceeds from the Father.  Therefore, the Shekinah is the Holy Spirit, who issues out of Jesus. The Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) are three Persons of the Godhead, but one God. They can walk in and out of each other, and be literally one (yet three).
  1. Although the Holy Spirit is a gentleman and likes to be invited to come, He is also powerful and dramatic. He will come rushing in without necessarily being invited. His glory shall fill the entire earth as the waters cover the sea (Habakkuk 2:14).
  1. Whoever blasphemes the Son will be forgiven. But whoever blasphemes the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven—not in this world, nor in the world to come (Matthew 12:31-32).
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Part 10: Gifts of the Spirit – Utterance Gifts Defined

The three Utterance Gifts of the Spirit are:

  1. Prophecy
  2. Tongues
  3. Interpretation of Tongues

Definition of the Gift of Prophecy

In the Old Testament, the main Hebrew word for “prophesy” is naba (5012), and is defined as: “to speak (or sing) by inspiration (in prediction or simple discourse).”

In the New Testament, the Greek word for “prophesy” is propheteuo (4395) and is defined as: “(from 4396); to foretell events, speak under inspiration, exercise the prophetic office, poet.”

Therefore, to prophesy is to speak under the influence and inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and to speak forth the mind and counsel of God. Speaking a prophecy could be given via a simple discourse, singing or poetical. The Holy Spirit loves music and poetry.

Prophesying and Preaching

Prophesying and preaching are similar but not identical. Preaching may contain prophecy, but there is a difference between the two. Both of them involve speaking under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Preaching is exhorting and declaring the Word, and includes teaching.

There is one Aramaic word which is translated as “prophesying”, and is defined as “inspired teaching” (Strong’s #5017 – nebuwah). That word is found in Ezra 6:14a, which says, “And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo.” This verse implies that Haggai and Zechariah were both prophets and inspired teachers of the law. The three gifts of prophecy, preaching and teaching overlap.

There is a difference between teaching and preaching:

Teaching

The Hebrew (Old Testament) word lamad (Strong’s #3925), translated as “teach” or “teaching” means to goad, to instruct, to learn, to become skillful or an expert at something.

The Hebrew word yarah (Strong’s #3384), translated as “teach” or “teaching” means to flow as water (i.e. rain); to lay or throw an arrow (i.e. to shoot at a target); to point out (as by aiming the finger); to teach.

The Greek (New Testament) word matheteuo (Strong’s #3100), translated as “teach” means to become a pupil; to disciple; to enroll as a scholar; a learner; to instruct.

The Greek word katecheo (Strong’s #2727), translated as “teach” means to sound down into the ears, i.e. (by implication) to indoctrinate (catechize).

Teaching is building a foundation of “precept upon precept, line upon line”. Isaiah 28:10 says, “For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little.”

Preaching

The Hebrew word basar (Strong’s #1319), translated as “preach” means to be fresh, i.e. full (rosy, cheerful); to announce glad news; to bear, bring, carry, preach, and tell good tidings; a messenger; to publish; to show forth.

The Hebrew word qeriyah (Strong’s #7150), translated as “preaching” or “preach” means making a proclamation, pronounce, publish, to call forth.

The Greek word kerusso (Strong’s #2784), translated as “preach” or “preacher” means to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the Gospel); to proclaim, to publish.

The Greek word euaggelizo (Strong’s #2097), translated as “preach” means to announce good news (evangelize), especially the Gospel; to declare, bring or show glad tidings; preach the Gospel.

Prophecy is valid for our day and age.

1 Corinthians 12:10, 28-29 shows us that prophecy is one of the Gifts of the Spirit and the Lord wants us to exercise our gifts. In 1 Thessalonians 5:19-20 we are told to not despise prophecies or quench the Spirit.

We are now living in the Kingdom Age (which started with the early New Testament church). The Gifts of the Spirit did not die out with the apostles. It just was not as heard of or written about for centuries following the early apostles. And people did not have Bibles back then like we have today. The Catholic Church ruled the religious world for centuries. There was a mixture of Christianity and idolatry in the Church. This truth of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit with the evidence of speaking in other tongues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit was revived with the Pentecostal and Charismatic outpourings in the last few centuries. People got a hold of what the Word teaches and ran with it.

Salvation by grace and faith alone through Jesus Christ was also not taught in the Church for centuries following the early apostles, but that doesn’t mean this truth died out. This truth was revived, with much persecution, by Martin Luther. During the centuries, water baptism by immersion was unheard of, but that doesn’t mean that that truth died out. It was revived by the Anabaptists, with much persecution.

There is a difference between the written prophecies of the Bible and prophecy that is spoken today.

Written Bible prophecy is a higher level of prophecy. It was given by God as the authoritative Word of God. Today, prophecies are to be judged by the Word.

In the Old Testament only a handful of people were filled with the Holy Spirit, such as prophets, priests, seers and godly kings. The majority of the people had to seek out a prophet to get a word from the Lord about a matter. However, since the Holy Spirit was poured out on the Day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit indwells all believers. The Baptism of the Holy Spirit is available to all believers. We can now hear from the Lord for ourselves.

In the New Testament era, we are not to seek out prophets for direction and guidance in our lives. But rather, prophets usually CONFIRM what the Holy Spirit has already revealed to us. Whatever a prophet says should bear witness in your spirit.

2 Corinthians 13:1 says, “In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.”

There are five primary purposes for prophecy in the local church.

  1. Edification – building up, erecting the church of God.
  1. Exhortation – encouragement, advice and earnest warning.
  1. Comfort – God speaking in great personal concern, tenderness and care; God drawing close to us.
  1. Convict and Convince – to speak to our own conscience or spirit and gently persuade us to change our ways.
  1. Instruction and Learning – God’s way of communicating to His people about practical life matters.

There are various ways that a prophecy may come to an individual.

  1. Spontaneous utterances
  2. Visions
  3. Dreams
  4. By an angel
  5. By Jesus Christ Himself appearing visibly in a vision to the prophet

There are at least five ways that a prophecy may be expressed by someone.

  1. Speaking or verbalizing
  2. Demonstrative actions (for example, in Acts 21:11 the prophet Agabus took Paul’s belt and bound his own hands and feet and prophesied that the Jews of Jerusalem would bind the man who owns this belt, and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles to be imprisoned and eventually executed.)
  3. Writing prophecy down
  4. Through song or musical instruments
  5. Through liturgical dance

Should prophecy be judged?

The answer is YES.

1 Corinthians 14:29-33 says, “Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. If anything be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted. And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.”

1 John 4:1-3 says, “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God. And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.”

1 Corinthians 13:9 says, “For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.”

Who is to judge prophecy?

  1. Every believer who has the Holy Spirit indwelling them.
  2. Elders of the local assembly.
  3. Those with the Gift of discerning of spirits.
  4. Other prophets.

There are at least five criteria by which prophecy is to be judged.

  1. By the Word of God (Hebrews 4:12 “For the Word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.”)
  1. By witness of the Holy Spirit (1 John 2:27 “But the anointing which you have received from Him abides in you, and you do not need that anyone teach you; but as the same anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you will abide in Him.”)
  1. By confession of Jesus Christ (1 John 4:1-3,6 “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, and every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard was coming, and is now already in the world.” Verse 6: “By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.”)
  1. By its fruit (Matthew 7:15-20 “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thornbushes or figs from thistles? Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Therefore, by their fruits you will know them.”)

Galations 5:22-26 says, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.”

  1. By fulfillment of the prophecy (Deuteronomy 18:21-22 “And if you say in your heart, ‘How shall we know the word which the Lord has not spoken?’ When a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the thing does not happen or come to pass, that is the thing which the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.”)

This can be a sticky issue because there is responsibility on the part of the recipient of the prophecy to obey a directive, or take action, or do something on their part, for the prophetic word to come to pass. Also, the recipient has to have faith and speak words of faith for the promise to come to pass. Doubting and unbelief can nullify a prophetic word.

Also, there is the issue of timing. God has an appointed season and timing for bringing prophetic words to pass in our lives. Some words come to pass within a short time, while other words may take many years to be fulfilled.

There is a difference between the gift of prophecy and the office of the prophet.

Not everyone who prophesies is a prophet or prophetess. The prophet is a part of the five-fold ministry mentioned in Ephesians 4:11-16.

“And He Himself gave some to be 1) apostles, some 2) prophets, some 3) evangelists, and some 4) pastors and 5) teachers,

for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry,

for the edifying of the body of Christ,

till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting, but, speaking the truth in love, may grow up in all things into Him who is the head—Christ—from whom the whole body, joined and knit together by what every joint supplies, according to the effective working by which every part does its share, causes growth of the body for the edifying of itself in love.”

The five-fold leadership equips (trains, teaches) the Body of Christ to do the work of the ministry.

God appoints individuals to these offices as He sees fit.

To be in the office of the prophet, an individual must be appointed by God to be in that leadership position, and be publicly acknowledged by man. The prophet should willingly submit to church or apostolic leadership (not be a lone ranger). The prophet must be a mature seasoned Christian (not in natural age but spiritually speaking). They must demonstrate good fruit (the fruit of the Spirit). They should have a good track record of prophecies they have spoken coming to pass. They should only speak what the Holy Spirit tells them to speak, not adding anything to it or taking anything away. The prophetic words they give are more weighty and authoritative than just simple prophecy. For example, they prophesy over nations and declare God’s purposes in the earth. When prophesying over individuals, they prophesy with detailed precision.

Also, they must operate in at least four of the Gifts of the Spirit:

  1. Gift of Prophecy
  2. Word of Knowledge
  3. Word of Wisdom
  4. Discerning of spirits

A prophet should have the Gift of Discerning of spirits to be able to see into the spirit realm to recognize angelic activity from demonic activity, to recognize truth from error, to recognize what is from God and what is from the enemy or what is just flesh.

A prophet has to have the gift of the Word of Knowledge to see things of the past, present and future. And then have the gift of the Word of Wisdom to give people direction as to what to do in a given situation.

Those who have the Gift of Prophecy speak under the influence of the Holy Spirit to one or more persons to give edification, exhortation and comfort.

When the Spirit of Prophecy is flowing in a meeting, anyone can prophesy when that anointing is present, even if they don’t have the Gift of Prophecy. An example is when King Saul began to prophesy when he came into the company of the prophets, and he was a changed man (1 Samuel 9:27 – 10:6).

There are some things that will contaminate prophecies being spoken.

  1. Root of bitterness (which defiles many – Hebrews 12:5).
  2. Unforgiveness
  3. Negative, critical attitudes
  4. Pride
  5. Stubbornness
  6. Antagonism
  7. Independent spirit
  8. Unyielding spirit
  9. Controlling spirit
  10. Anger displayed

There are some practical points of wisdom for those who prophesy in the Church:

  1. It is important to use good etiquette in your voice tone and mannerisms when prophesying. You should avoid yelling, screaming or other extremes in your voice or manner. You should avoid using harsh words or whipping the people. You should avoid scolding and lecturing.
  1. The timing of giving a prophetic word is important. You should be sensitive to the timing of the Holy Spirit and of those around you. Not all the prophets should speak in a given service (Paul said just two or three should speak in turns, and the other prophets should judge the words being spoken – 1 Corinthians 14:29-32).
  1. It is important for the prophecy to flow with the general theme of the service. If the word is on a totally different track, then wait until another time to share it.
  1. Avoid prophesying your pet doctrines or emphasis.
  1. Avoid giving out personal counsel to a need you are aware of.
  1. We are now living in the New Testament era. Prophetic words given today should be seasoned with grace to bring edification, exhortation and comfort to the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 14:3). A prophetic word should not be one of doom and gloom, or of whipping someone, or prophesying negative things to someone.

Even if the word involves warning, foretelling or prediction of something negative, the other part of that word should be redemptive, giving hope to the individual that if they choose to do this or that, that it can be averted. For example, in the Old Testament God sent prophets to warn the people that if they continued in idolatry that they would be taken into captivity. However, if they repented and walked in obedience to the Lord, it could be avoided. They didn’t listen and finally did end up being taken into exile in Babylon, but the positive part is that God said it would only last for 70 years and then they would return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple.

Gift of Diverse Kinds of Tongues

The Gift of Tongues is the God-given supernatural ability to speak in languages that you do not know. It could be any ancient or current earthly language, or a language spoken in heaven. Most often it is speaking an earthly language you have never learned.

The Gift of Tongues is for giving a public prophecy to the Church in an unknown language, and then either interpreting it yourself afterwards or someone with the Gift of Interpretation of Tongues interpreting the prophetic word.

The Gift of Tongues could also be in operation to an audience of one or more in a setting outside of the local church. Sometimes God uses people with this gift to speak a word from the Lord to someone who speaks a different language to minister to that person and/or lead them to Christ.

On the Day of Pentecost, in Acts 2, when the Galileans were filled with the Holy Spirit they began to speak eloquently and fluently in the languages represented of the thousands of Jews present for the Feast of Pentecost. They were declaring the wonderful works of God.

It was a sign and a wonder, because the Galileans were considered to be uneducated, crude in their speech, and rough around the edges. But when the Holy Spirit baptized them, they spoke as if they were highly educated and fluent in many languages. As a result, 3,000 people were saved the first day and the early church was birthed.

The Gift of Interpretation of Tongues is the supernatural ability to interpret what was spoken, or prophesied, in an unknown tongue into the language of the hearers so that all may understand.

There are three purposes for Tongues and Interpretation in the assembly.

  1. A sign to unbelievers (1 Corinthians 14:21-22).
  1. He who prophesies speaks edification, exhortation and comfort to believers (1 Corinthians 14:3-5). When a person gives a public prophecy in an unknown language, then that prophetic word should be interpreted by either the person who has the Gift of Interpretation of Tongues or by the person who gave the prophetic word in tongues.
  1. Lift congregation into praise or prayer (1 Corinthians 14:13-15 “For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my understanding is unfruitful. What is the conclusion then? I will pray with the Spirit, and I will also pray with the understanding. I will sing with the Spirit, and I will also sing with the understanding.”)

In what ways are Tongues a sign to unbelievers?

  1. Evidence of the supernatural
  2. Sense of the supernatural
  3. Witness of hearing a foreign language they may know

Not everyone has the Gift of Tongues or Interpretation of Tongues. However, all believers can speak or pray in tongues.

1 Corinthians 12:4-31 teaches that we all have our own gifts given to us by God, and we form one body.

The Gift of Tongues is for the edification of the Church. The Gift of Tongues is giving a public prophecy, or declaration, in a language you do not know, and then either you or someone with the gift of Interpretation of Tongues interpreting the word. Or as in the case in Acts 2, the Galileans spoke in the languages of the nations of Jews present for the Feast of Pentecost (and no interpreter was necessary … the Jews understood what the Galileans were saying). The Galileans were declaring the wonderful works of God.

Speaking or praying in tongues is for your own self-edification for your own personal prayer life.

I go into detail about the difference between speaking in tongues and the Gift of Tongues in another post. It’s very important to know this.

Pt. 5 – Speaking in Tongues vs. Gift of Tongues

There is a difference between “interpretation” and “translation”, as it relates to the Gift of Interpretation of Tongues.

To interpret is to explain, expound or unfold. To translate is to convert from one language to another.

When interpreting a message in tongues, the interpreter does not translate the language into the language of the hearers, but rather explains, expounds and unfolds what was said in tongues.

Who is to interpret tongues in the assembly?

The one to whom this Gift has been given to. If there is no interpreter, the one who has the Gift of Tongues should pray that he/she may interpret the prophecy they just gave so that all may be edified.

In previous posts, I went into great detail about speaking in tongues. To learn more, please click here:

Pt. 3 – The Significance of Galileans Speaking in Tongues

Pt. 4 – Tongues: Q & A

Pt. 5 – Speaking in Tongues vs. Gift of Tongues

Pt. 6 – Benefits of Tongues by Dr. Leroy Thompson

Part 8: Gifts of the Spirit – Three Categories of Gifts

Gifts of the Spirit – Three Categories of Gifts

1 Corinthians 12:1-13

The three categories of the nine Gifts of the Spirit are:

  1. Revelation Gifts
    1. Word of Wisdom
    2. Word of Knowledge
    3. Discerning of spirits
  1. Utterance Gifts
    1. Prophecy
    2. Tongues
    3. Interpretation of Tongues
  1. Power Gifts
    1. Faith
    2. Healings
    3. Miracles

These Gifts operate through believers for the purpose of:

  1. Edifying the Body of Christ
  2. Encouraging and helping people
  3. Exhortation
  4. Comfort
  5. Doing the work of the ministry
  6. Living in victory
  7. The Holy Spirit is looking for vessels whom He can demonstrate His power through in the earth

Part 6 – Benefits of Tongues by Dr. Leroy Thompson

Benefits of Tongues

by Dr. Leroy Thompson

https://twitter.com/DrLeroySr

 

Praying in tongues is help with your ultimate weakness!

Tongues pulls you from the past into the future!

By praying in the Spirit you are making a path of blessings and power for you to walk in and enjoy!

When praying in the Spirit you are prophesying your God ordained future!

When praying in the Spirit you are declaring the secrets of God!

Praying in the Spirit is a direct line to the Almighty!

Tongues reverses death and demonic assignments in your life!

As you pray in tongues you will reach higher and higher in a dying world!

Praying in tongues is praying things that have been concealed to be revealed!

Praying in tongues keeps you spiritually fit!

Praying in tongues piles up all the promises God has for you, and puts you in the position to receive them!

When you pray in tongues you are declaring the mysteries of God!

When you pray in the Spirit, you enter into another zone!

Praying in tongues synchronizes us with the timing of God!

Praying in the Spirit arranges your present to receive your future!

When praying in the Spirit you are breaking yokes that exist, and breaking future yokes before they can be put together!

Praying in the Holy Ghost enables you to live a yoke free life!

When praying in the Holy Ghost you are searching Christ!

Praying in the Holy Spirit keeps you ministry fit!

Praying in the Holy Spirit gives you step by step plans for your life!

Praying in tongues has no respect for your problem!

Praying in the Spirit cuts a path of blessings in tumultuous situations!

When praying in tongues secrets that were withheld from others are revealed to you!

When you pray in tongues, secrets and plans will be made known to you!

Demons scream when you pray in the Holy Spirit because they can’t understand or stop you!

When praying in tongues the enemy is helpless in sabotaging your prayer!

Tongues is the entrance into the supernatural!

Speaking in tongues is the language of glory!

Praying in tongues is spiritual management!

Praying in the Spirit paralyzes fear!

Praying in the Spirit is the trigger to the supernatural!

When you pray in the Holy Spirit the devil is reminded of his defeat and begins to have fits!

Praying in the Spirit is drawing out secrets to life’s complicated issues!

Praying in the Spirit will take you into God’s miracle zone!

Praying in the Spirit is a supernatural weapon!

Praying in the Spirit gives you unstoppable progress that your enemy can’t deny!

Praying in the Spirit arranges your present to receive your future!

When praying in the Spirit you are bathing in the invisible and getting wet with the visible!

Praying in the Holy Ghost gives you step by step plans for your life!

Part 5: Speaking in Tongues vs. Gift of Tongues

Speaking in tongues and the “Gift” of tongues is a subject that is confusing for many Christians. There is a difference between the two.

Speaking (praying, singing) in Tongues = personal self-edification.

Gift of Tongues = Giving a public prophecy in a language you have never learned (and either you or someone else interprets in English or the language of the hearers).

 

Speaking in Tongues

  1. Speaking, praying or singing in tongues is for your own personal self-edification. 1 Corinthians 14:4 “He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but he who prophesies edifies the church.”
  1. Speaking in tongues is just between you and God. 1 Corinthians 14:2 “For he who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God, for no one understands him; however, in the Spirit he speaks mysteries.”
  1. When you pray in tongues, your spirit is praying although your mind does not understand. 1 Corinthians 14:14 “For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my understanding is unfruitful.”
  1. Paul mentions two ways to pray and sing: A) pray in tongues and B) pray in your own native language. 1 Corinthians 14:15 “I will pray with the Spirit (in tongues), and I will also pray with the understanding (in my own language, such as English). I will sing with the Spirit (in tongues), and I will also sing with the understanding (my native language).”
  1. Praying in tongues builds you up in your innermost being. Jude 20

“But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost.”

  1. All Christians are encouraged to speak in tongues. Sometimes this is referred to as praying in your Heavenly prayer language. Paul said in 1 Corinthians 14:5 “I wish you all spoke with tongues.” 1 Corinthians 14:18, 39 “I thank my God I speak with tongues more than you all.” “Do not forbid to speak with tongues.”
  1. The Baptism of the Holy Spirit, with the initial evidence of speaking in other tongues, happens AFTER a person has believed on the Lord Jesus Christ. Acts 2:38 “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” Acts 19:2 “He (Paul) said unto them, ‘Have you received the Holy Ghost since you believed?’ Acts 19:5-6 “When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spoke with tongues, and prophesied.”

Speaking in tongues is praying alone in your Heavenly prayer language or singing to the Lord in tongues in your private life.

Sometimes, in the public assembly, the whole congregation worships the Lord together by singing in tongues and praying in their Heavenly prayer language together. There is unity. It is very beautiful and anointed when that happens. In intercessory meetings, this often happens when everyone present is praying in their own Heavenly prayer language. Then someone may go to the microphone or speak very loudly and begin to share a prophecy that the Lord has showed them.

Gift of Tongues

  1. The Gift of tongues, mentioned in 1 Corinthians 12, is for the purpose of giving a public prophecy in the congregation in a language you have not learned, with an interpretation following by either you or someone else who has the gift of interpretation of tongues.

1 Corinthians 14:10-13 “There are, it may be, so many kinds of languages in the world, and none of them is without significance. Therefore, if I do not know the meaning of the language, I shall be a foreigner to him who speaks, and he who speaks will be a foreigner to me. Even so you, since you are zealous for spiritual gifts, let it be for the edification of the church that you seek to excel. Therefore, let him who speaks in a tongue pray that he may interpret.”

1 Corinthians 14:27-29 “If anyone speaks in a tongue, let there be two or at the most three, each in turn, and let one interpret. But if there is no interpreter, let him keep silent in church, and let him speak to himself and to God. Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others judge.”

  1. The gift of tongues is for the edification of the corporate Body of Christ. It is for the purpose of ministry to the whole church. It is the Lord speaking to His people, exhorting and encouraging them.

1 Corinthians 14:4-5 “He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but he who prophesies edifies the church. I wish you all spoke with tongues, but even more that you prophesied; for he who prophesies is greater than he who speaks with tongues, unless indeed he interprets, that the church may receive edification.”

1 Corinthians 14:12-13 “Even so you, since you are zealous for spiritual gifts, let it be for the edification of the church that you seek to excel. Therefore, let him who speaks in a tongue pray that he may interpret.”

1 Corinthians 14:26-28 “Let all things be done for edification. If anyone speaks in a tongue, let there be two or at the most three, each in turn, and let one interpret. But if there is no interpreter, let him keep silent in church, and let him speak to himself and to God.”

  1. The Gift of Tongues and Interpretation of Tongues equals Prophecy. Paul said that in the church setting, prophecy is greater than a message in tongues because no interpretation is necessary, and also because everyone is edified because they understood what was being said. 1 Corinthians 14:5 “I wish you all spoke with tongues, but even more that you prophesied; for he who prophesies is greater than he who speaks with tongues, unless indeed he interprets, that the church may receive edification.”

         1 Corinthians 14:18-19 “I thank my God I speak with tongues more than you all; yet in the church I would rather speak five words with my understanding, that I may teach others also, than ten thousand words in a tongue.”

1 Corinthians 14:23-25 “Therefore, if the whole church comes together in one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those who are uninformed or unbelievers, will they not say that you are out of your mind? But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or an uninformed person comes in, he is convinced by all, he is convicted by all. And thus the secrets of his heart are revealed; and so, falling down on his face, he will worship God and report that God is truly among you.”

  1. The purpose of prophecy is for exhortation, encouragement and comfort to men and women (1 Corinthians 14:3). Prophecy can be giving a message in English (or language of the people) or it can be in the form of giving a message in tongues with an interpretation following.
  1. Both tongues and prophecy serve as a sign. Tongues are a sign to unbelievers, and prophecy is a sign to believers. 1 Corinthians 14:22 “Therefore, tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe but to unbelievers; but prophesying is not for unbelievers but for those who believe.”

     1 Corinthians 14:21 In the law it is written: “With men of other tongues and other lips I will speak to this people; and yet, for all that, they will not hear Me,” says the Lord.

     Acts 2:5-12 “And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven. And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language. Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born? Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.” So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “Whatever could this mean?”

         In a previous post, I talked about how the Jews in Jerusalem were astonished because Galileans were speaking eloquently and fluently the wonderful works of God in their native tongues. Galileans were uneducated, they spoke crude and were rough around the edges. So it was a sign and a wonder when these Galileans were speaking in languages they had never learned before, as the Holy Spirit gave them utterance.

  1. The Gift of Tongues is speaking to mankind (in a language you have never learned), and it must be interpreted. On the contrary, speaking, praying or singing in tongues is communication just between you and God. 1 Corinthians 14:2-4 “For he who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God, for no one understands him; however, in the Spirit he speaks mysteries. But he who prophesies speaks edification and exhortation and comfort to men. He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but he who prophesies edifies the church.
  1. Those who learn to speak languages fluently very quickly, such as in a matter of months, have the gift of tongues. An example is a missionary I know who went to Hong Kong over 40 years ago not knowing the Chinese languages, and in a matter of months was able to fluently speak two Chinese dialects (standard Chinese and Mandarin Chinese).

I’ve heard of situations where someone began to speak, or prophesy, in tongues to another person or group of people who spoke another language. The person doing the prophesying did not know what they were saying, but the recipients understood perfectly what was said.

Paul asks in 1 Corinthians 12:29-30: “Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all workers of miracles? Have all the gifts of healing? Do all speak with tongues? Do all interpret?”

In this passage where it mentions tongues, Paul is referring to tongues as one of the Gifts of the Spirit in 1 Corinthians 12. The Gift of Tongues is to give a public prophecy in an unknown tongue, with an interpretation following. Or like in Acts 2, to declare the wonderful works of God in the languages of others.

The Power of the Tongue

God is the One who invented speaking in tongues. It’s a wonderful, beautiful thing that should not be despised, but rather embraced and activated on a continual basis. The human tongue is the most unruly member of the entire body, and it cannot be tamed (except by the power of the Holy Spirit). God chose to invent speaking in tongues so that we would use our lips to speak pure things of the Spirit and to glorify the Lord. When we yield our tongue to the Holy Spirit, He can speak through us His words of life, so that others are edified and we ourselves are built up.

Part 4 – Tongues: Q & A

What is speaking in tongues?

By the enablement and inspiration of the Holy Spirit, speaking in a language you have never learned. It could be any ancient or current language spoken, or could be a language spoken in Heaven (angelic languages) – 1 Corinthians 13:1.

A person is not limited to the mode of speaking only, but you can also sing in tongues, pray in tongues, praise in tongues, and prophesy in tongues.

What do you mean by two-fold, or two kinds, of tongues?

According to 1 Corinthians 13:1, there are two kinds of tongues: Paul refers to the:

1) tongues of men (any earthly language)

2) the tongues of angels (any language spoken in Heaven).

What is the purpose of tongues?

  1. Usually the initial evidence or manifestation that a person has been filled and baptized in the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:3-4, Acts 10:44-48, Acts 19:6).
  1. A sign to unbelievers of the reality and power of God – 1 Corinthians 14:21-22 (Isaiah 28:11), Acts 2:6-21, 1 Corinthians 14:22.
  1. Serves as a sign that accompanies and signifies those who believe on Jesus Christ (Mark 16:17-18). “And these signs shall follow them that believe: In My Name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.”
  1. Power to be witnesses, and power for service (Luke 24:49, Acts 1:8, Romans 15:19). Luke 24:49 says, “Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.” Acts 1:8 says, “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
  1. Great boldness and great grace (Acts 4:31-33). Acts 4:31-33 states:

31 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.

32 And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common.

33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.

  1. Spiritual self-edification.

1 Corinthians 14:4a “He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself.”

Jude 20 “But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost.”

When you pray in tongues, your mind is unfruitful (you do not understand the language you are speaking), but your spirit is built up.

  1. Your spirit prays to God.

1 Corinthians 14:2 “For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the Spirit he speaketh mysteries.”

1 Corinthians 14:14 “For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.”

Praying in tongues are pure prayers from your spirit to God. There is no carnality or flesh mixed in. You are not praying with your soul (mind and emotions), which is continually being renewed and sanctified.

Sometimes when you don’t know what to pray, the Holy Spirit (who knows the perfect will of God) intercedes through you (Romans 8:26).

  1. The Holy Spirit prays and sings through you in the form of tongues.

1 Corinthians 14:15 “What is it then? I will pray with the Spirit (pray in unknown tongues), and I will pray with the understanding also (in the language you know). I will sing with the Spirit (sing in unknown tongues) and I will sing with the understanding also (in the language you know).”

The phrases: “pray in the Holy Ghost, or pray in the Spirit, or sing in the Spirit” all refer to praying or singing in tongues. When someone says “pray in your Heavenly language”, that is also referring to praying in tongues.

  1. Tongues is usually the entrance to operating in the Gifts of the Spirit (in 1 Corinthians 12:8-10). There are nine gifts mentioned in this passage.
  • Word of wisdom
  • Word of knowledge
  • Faith
  • Gifts of healing
  • Working of miracles
  • Prophecy
  • Discerning of spirits
  • Diverse kinds of tongues
  • Interpretation of tongues

Tongues is the door into the prophetic realm, the seer realm, signs and wonders, healings and miracles, and deliverance.

Tongues is a catalyst that propels a believer into deeper worship, thus resulting in experiencing a very heavy anointing, a weighty presence of the Lord, and the glory realm.

Praying in the Holy Ghost (tongues) is a way of doing spiritual warfare (Ephesians 6:11-18). This passage talks about the armor of God that quenches all the fiery darts of the wicked one. In Verse 18 it says to pray in the Spirit. “Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit.”

  1. The purpose of tongues is to prophesy a word from God in the general assembly, with an interpretation following, for the edifying of the church (1 Corinthians 14:12-13, 27-32). Paul said that it is greater to prophesy a word in the language of the hearers, because then it does not require an interpreter and interpretation.

Part 3 – The Significance of Galileans Speaking in Tongues

Jewish people from throughout the Roman and Parthian worlds gathered for the three main feasts of Israel (Tabernacles, Passover and Pentecost). Because Pentecost was only fifty days after Passover, some who had spent much to make a rare pilgrimage to Jerusalem stayed between the two feasts. Pentecost was probably the least popular of the three pilgrimage festivals, but Josephus attests that it was nevertheless crowded. (From IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament by Craig S. Keener Copyright © 1993 by Craig S. Keener. Published by InterVarsity Press.)

Coming of the Holy Spirit

  1. When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
  2. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.
  3. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.
  4. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

The Crowd’s Response

  1. And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.
  2. And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language.
  3. Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans?
  4. And how is it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born?
  5. Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,
  6. Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes,
  7. Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.”
  8. So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “Whatever could this mean?”

13 Others mocking said, “They are full of new wine.”

Peter’s Sermon

(Joel 2:28-32)

  1. But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words.
  2. For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day (9:00 am).
  3. But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
  1. ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God,

That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh;

Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,

Your young men shall see visions,

Your old men shall dream dreams.

  1. And on My menservants and on My maidservants

I will pour out My Spirit in those days;

And they shall prophesy.’”

The fact that these were Galileans who were speaking in other tongues is very significant.

The Adam Clarke’s Commentary says that the Galileans were persons who knew no other dialect, except of their own country. The Galileans were wholly uneducated, and consequently, naturally ignorant of those languages which they now began to speak so fluently.

The Barnes’ Notes Commentary says that it was remarkable that the Galileans should speak in other languages so eloquently and fluently because “they were ignorant, rude and uncivilized.” The term “Galilean” referred to in John 1:46 (“Can anything good come out of Nazareth?”) was used as an expression of the deepest reproach and contempt.

Their dialect was proverbially barbarous, crude and corrupt, Mark 14:70; Matthew 26:73.

They were regarded as an outlandish people, unacquainted with other nations and languages, and hence, there was amazement that they could address them in the refined language of other people.

Their native ignorance was the occasion of making the miracle more striking. The native weakness of Christian ministers makes the grace and glory of God more remarkable in the success of the gospel. “We have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us,” 2 Corinthians 4:7. God has “chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise,” 1 Corinthians 1:27.

Joel prophesied that God was pouring His Spirit out upon ALL FLESH (not just the educated, or the elite, or kings, or the elders, or the religious leaders, or the men only—but on all flesh).

Most of Jesus’ disciples and followers were from Galilee, and Jesus grew up in the Galilee region and His ministry headquarters was in Capernaum. Even though most of His disciples were not formally educated, and were rough around the edges in their mannerisms, after they were filled with the Holy Spirit God used them to turn the world upside down. And three of Jesus’ twelve disciples wrote books of the New Testament, such as Matthew, John and Peter.

Acts 2:11 says that the Galileans spoke the wonderful works of God in earthly languages they had never learned before.

Tongues can be in the languages of men (earthly languages) or angels (languages spoken in Heaven), according to 1 Corinthians 13:1.

In the case of Acts 2, the Galileans spoke earthly languages they did not know. It served as a sign and a wonder among all the Jews in Jerusalem. After Peter preached to the crowd, 3,000 were saved in one day (Acts 2:41), and the early church had its beginning.