Names of God – Yahweh, Yehovih, Yah, I AM, Plus 6 More

  1. YAHWEH (or Jehovah)

Strong’s Old Testament #3068

Definition: Eternal, Self-Existent; the Jewish National Name of God.

Among the Jews, the proper Name of the one True God was unpronounced, and the vowels were omitted in speaking and writing because of its sacredness. The Name “Adonai” (Strong’s #136) was spoken in place of Yahweh. The tettragrammation Y-HW-H is traditionally pronounced as “Jehovah” (or Yehovah).

In the King James Version, Yahweh (or Jehovah) is usually translated as “LORD” (ALL CAPS), and in many instances translated as “GOD” (ALL CAPS).

The Names YHWH and Jehovah are used interchangeably. YHWH is the original Divine Name and considered to be too holy to utter, and thus later was pronounced as Jehovah. Often times, the Name “Hashem” (meaning: “The Name”) is used when referring to the Divine Name of God.

Isaiah 42:8 “I am the LORD (YHWH); that is My Name; and My glory will I not give to another, neither My praise to graven images.”

Exodus 6:3 “And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; by the Name of God Almighty (El Shaddai), but by My Name Jehovah was I not known to them.”

Psalm 83:18 “That men may know that Thou, whose Name alone is Jehovah, art the Most High over all the earth.”

Jeremiah 32:17 “Ah Lord GOD (Adonai YHWH)! Behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for Thee.”

  1. Yehovih (Strong’s #3069) is a variation of Yahweh. It is translated as “LORD” or “GOD”, but is pronounced as “Elohim” (Strong’s #430).
  1. Yah (Strong’s #3050) is a contraction of Yahweh and means the same as Yahweh. This shortened Name is used in many compounds, such as names beginning with “Je” (in English) or names and words ending with “iah” or “jah”. Hallelu-jah means: “Praise be to Jah” (“Praise be to Jehovah”).
  1. Hayah (Strong’s #1961) is the root word in which the Name Yahweh (or Jehovah) is derived. Hayah is translated in Exodus 3:14 as “I AM” (“I AM that I AM”) – “hayah ‘aher hayah”). Meaning, “I will be what I will be” or “I will be all that is necessary as the occasion will arise”.

Names of God – More Names of God in the Old Testament

  1. EL. Translated as “God”.

Strong’s Old Testament #410.

Definition: God, the One True Almighty God, Yahweh. El can also be used to refer to a false god, mighty men, men of rank, mighty things in nature, strength, power and angels.

  1. ELOAH. Translated as “God”.

Strong’s Old Testament #433.

Definition: God, the One True Almighty God. Eloah used of God, as The One and True Deity. Can also be used to refer to a false deity.

  1. ELOHIM. Translated as “God”.

Strong’s Old Testament #430. Plural of Eloah (#433).

Definition: Specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the Supreme God, Yahweh. Can also be used in reference to false gods. Occasonally applied by way of deference to magistrates, and sometimes as a superlative (exceeding, great, excellent). Can refer to God-like ones. Can be used to denote rulers, judges, angels, works or special possessions of God. In Genesis 1:1, in creation, we see that it was Elohim who created the heavens and the earth. Elohim denotes a plural of Beings, alluding to the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit).

  1. ADONAI. Translated as “Lord”.

Strong’s Old Testament #136.

Definition: Adonai is a proper royal Name and title of God spoken out of reverence in place of Yahweh. Also used of men (lord, master).

In the King James Version, Adonai (when in reference to God) is translated as “Lord” (title case), while Yahweh is translated as “LORD” (upper case).

Adonai is an emphatic form of Adown (#113). Adown means: sovereign, to rule, strength, lord, master, king, governor, husband, prophet, prince, priest, captain, Theophanic Angel, one designated as having authority. Used for names beginning with “Adoni-“.

  1. SHADDAI.

Strong’s Old Testament #7706.

Definition: The Almighty. Most Powerful. Referring to the One and Only True and Living God, Yahweh. The All-Sufficient One. The many breasted One (His provision never runs dry, and He is nurturing).

  1. ELYON.

Strong’s Old Testament #5945.

Definition: Most High God. The Highest. A Name of God. The Supreme God. Also used in reference to rulers, angels, princes, Davidic kings exalted above monarchs.

Names of God – Introduction

Names of God – Introduction

A name denotes identity, character and authority. The Divine Names of God are a revelation of God’s Essence and Divine Nature. God’s Names reveal His fame, reputation, renown, glory and honor. The Lord has revealed His heart to us through His Names.

God’s Names reveal His attributes (the qualities of His Divine Being). God reveals Himself by making known or “proclaiming His Name” (Exodus 6:3; 33:19; 34:5-6). When the Lord proclaimed the “Name of the Lord” in Exodus 34:5-7, He revealed Himself as the “Lord who is merciful and gracious, longsuffering and abundant in goodness and truth; keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that by no means will clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.”

Exodus 20:6 “And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love Him and keep His commandments.”

God’s Name reveals His glory and power displayed in nature (Psalm 8:1).

The Name of God is synonymous with His very Presence (Psalm 75:1 “Thy Name is near”). To know the Name of God is to know God Himself.

The Lord desires to be known by His creation and His Names and royal Titles reveal who He is. The “Name of God” is, therefore, not a mere word, but the whole of the Divine manifestation, the character of God as revealed in His relations to His people and in His dealings with them (from International Standard Bible Encyclopedia).

Because God’s Name is so Holy, it is iniquity to take God’s Name in vain and wickedness to profane and blaspheme His Precious Name.

Pt. 2: Angels – Seraphim

Seraphim are an order of celestial beings who Isaiah beheld in a vision standing above Yahweh as He sat upon His Throne (Isaiah 6:1-9).

Seraphim are God’s attendant angels. Their occupation is three-fold:

  1. To celebrate the praises of Yahweh’s holiness and power (Isaiah 6:3)
  2. To serve as agents of purification and sanctification (Isaiah 6:6-8)
  3. To act as a medium of communication between Heaven and earth (Isaiah 6:6)

Anti-phonal worship

  1. Isaiah saw two or more choirs of seraphim standing on either side of the Throne singing and chanting anthems in anti-phonal mode. They would answer, respond and repeat each other as they cried out: “Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of Hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory!”
  2. The seraphim call special attention to God’s glory and majesty.
  3. In Isaiah 6:4, as the seraphim worship Yahweh, the posts of the doors are shaken like an earthquake and the Shekinah glory in the form of smoke fills the House (Temple or Throne).

Seraphim serve as agents of purification and sanctification

  1. Seraphim depict the holiness of God. In Isaiah 6:6-7, one of the seraphs used tongs to take a live coal from off the altar and laid it upon Isaiah’s mouth. Then the seraph declared: “Lo this has touched thy lips and thine iniquity is taken away and thine sin purged.”
  2. The seraph imparts spiritual fire from God to Isaiah.
  3. In Isaiah’s case, his lips (words spoken, speech) was purified by fire so that he could enter into his prophetic office.
  4. As the hot coal purged Isaiah’s lips and removed his sin, he was inaugurated into office. In the same manner, so were the disciples by the tongues of fire resting on them, the sign of their magnifying Jesus in various languages (Acts 2).
  5. Isaiah’s feelings of unfitness for the prophetic office, as well as his personal sin, were removed only by being brought into contact with the sacrificial altar of which Messiah is the anti-type.

Seraphim act as the medium of communication between Heaven and earth

  1. The seraph was the servant God used to apply the hot coal and to be the mediator to deliver the message from Yahweh.

Appearance of Seraphim

Seraphim have six wings:

  1. With two wings they cover their face (a token of humility and reverence to not look upon a holy God nor pry into His secret counsels).
  2. With two wings they cover their feet (a token of respect and service).
  3. With two wings they do fly (they are kept ready for instant flight in performing God’s service).

Other than having six wings, seraphim bear a general resemblance to human likeness.

Seraphim have the appearance of fire or serpentine flashes of lightning.

Psalm 104:4 “Who maketh His angels spirits; His ministers a flaming fire” (cross reference is Hebrews 1:7).

The Hebrew definitions of seraphim are:

  1. Burning, glowing, to be set on fire; zeal; copper color (perhaps denoting their brilliance and brightness of appearance).
  2. Fiery serpents (see Numbers 21:6,8 and Deuteronomy 8:15). In Isaiah 14:29; 30:5, it’s translated as “flying fiery serpents”.

The Fausset’s Bible Dictionary states that seraphim and fiery serpents are connected in the same definition because seraphim are likened to the rapidity of a serpent in carrying out their duties in God’s service. Seraphim are likened to flashes of lightning, which resemble the swiftness of movement of the serpent. Seraphim are likened to serpents because of their wisdom.

Satan’s serpent form in appearing to man may have some connection with his original form as a seraph of light. In Ezekiel 28:14-16, Lucifer is described as the anointed covering cherub. Seraphim and cherubim are similar.

The first few letters of the Hebrew word sareph (sar) means: prince, ruler, head person of any rank or class. Thus, seraphim are noted as being one of the highest ranks of the order of angels.

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia states that seraphim in Jewish theology are connected with cherubim and ophanim (wheels) as the three highest orders of attendants of Yahweh, and are superior to the angels who are messengers sent on various errands.

Healing Scriptures – Old Testament

Exodus 15:26  I am the LORD that healeth thee [Jehovah Rapha]. This is the verse where God reveals Himself as Jehovah Rapha (the Lord who heals you). The Old Testament was written in Hebrew and Chaldea. In the original Hebrew text, the Jewish National Name of God “Yahweh or Jehovah” is translated into the English as “LORD” (all caps). The Hebrew word “rapha” means: “healing, cure, mending, stitching up, medicine, physician, repair, to be made whole, to invigorate.”

Exodus 23:25-26  Worship the LORD your God, and His blessing will be on your food and water. I will take away sickness from among you, and none will miscarry or be barren in your land. I will give you a full life span.

Deuteronomy 7:15  And the LORD will remove from you all sickness.

Deuteronomy 28:1-13

1 And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth:

2 And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God.

3 Blessed shalt thou be in the city, and blessed shalt thou be in the field.

4 Blessed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep.

5 Blessed shall be thy basket and thy store.

6 Blessed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and blessed shalt thou be when thou goest out.

7 The LORD shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face: they shall come out against thee one way, and flee before thee seven ways.

8 The LORD shall command the blessing upon thee in thy storehouses, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto; and he shall bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

9 The LORD shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk in his ways.

10 And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of thee.

11 And the LORD shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers to give thee.

12 The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow.

13 And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them.

Deuteronomy 30:19-20  I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.

Psalms 30:2  O LORD my God, I cried unto thee, and thou hast healed me.

Psalms 30:5  Weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.

Psalms 34:18  The LORD is close to the brokenhearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit.

Psalms 42:11  Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? Hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise Him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.

Psalms 69:32b  Your heart shall live (be rejuvenated) that seek God.

Psalms 91:9-11  Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation, there shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For He shall give His angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.

Psalms 91:16  With long life will I satisfy him, and show him My salvation.

Psalms 92:12-15  The righteous will flourish like a palm tree, they will grow like a cedar of Lebanon; planted in the house of the LORD, they will flourish in the courts of our God. They will still bear fruit in old age, they will stay fresh and green, proclaiming, “The LORD is upright; he is my Rock, and there is no wickedness in him.”

Psalms 103:2-5  Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits: Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases. Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies. Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things; so that thy youth is renewed like the eagle’s.

Psalms 105:37  He brought them forth [Children of Israel delivered out of Egypt) also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes.

Psalms 107:20  He sent his Word, and healed them, and delivered them from destruction.

Psalms 118:17  I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the LORD.

Psalms 147:2-3  The LORD builds up Jerusalem; He gathers together the outcasts of Israel. He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds.

Proverbs 3:7-8  Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil. It shall be health to thy navel, and marrow to thy bones.

Proverbs 4:20-22  My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart. For they are life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh.

Proverbs 12:18b  The tongue of the wise is health.

Proverbs 13:12  Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but when the desire comes, it is a tree of life.

Proverbs 13:17b  A faithful ambassador is health.

Proverbs 14:30  A sound heart is the life of the flesh.

Proverbs 15:4a  The tongue that brings healing is a tree of life.

Proverbs 15:30  A cheerful look brings joy to the heart, and good news gives health to the bones.

Proverbs 16:24  Pleasant words are as an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.

Proverbs 17:22  A merry heart doeth good like a medicine.

Proverbs 18:21  Death and Life is in the power of the tongue.

Isaiah 38:16  You restored me to health and let me live.

Isaiah 53:5  But He (Jesus) was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes [from the scourging and beatings] we are healed.

Isaiah 54:17  No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the LORD.

Isaiah 55:11  So shall My Word be that goes forth from My mouth; it shall not return to Me void, but it shall accomplish what I please, and it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it.

Isaiah 57:18-19  I have seen his ways, but I will heal him; I will lead him and restore comfort to him and to his mourners, creating the praise of the lips. Peace, Peace to him who is far and to him who is near, says the LORD, and I will heal him.

Isaiah 58:8  Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy reward.

Isaiah 58:11  The LORD will guide you continually and satisfy your soul in drought. And strengthen your bones. You shall be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters do not fail.

Isaiah 61:1-3 (xref Luke 4:18-19)  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound. To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn. To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees [oaks] of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that He might be glorified.

Isaiah 61:7-8a  Instead of your shame you will have a double portion; and instead of humiliation you will shout for joy over your portion. Therefore, you shall possess a double portion in your land, and everlasting joy will be yours. For I, the LORD, love justice.

Isaiah 65:24  And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.

Isaiah 66:14  You shall see it, and your heart shall rejoice; your bones shall flourish like new grass.

Jeremiah 1:12  Then the LORD said to me, “You have seen well, for I am ready to perform My word.”

Jeremiah 17:14  Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for thou art my praise.

Jeremiah 29:11  For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you a hope and a future.

Jeremiah 30:17  For I will restore health unto thee and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after.

Jeremiah 31:3-4  I have loved you with an everlasting love; therefore I have drawn you with lovingkindness. Again I will build you and you will be rebuilt … again you will take up your tambourines, and go forth to the dances of the merrymakers.

Jeremiah 33:6  Behold, I will bring you health and cure, and I will cure you, and will reveal unto you the abundance of peace and truth.

Ezekiel 34:16  I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the weak.

Ezekiel 37:3-10  And He said to me, “Son of man, can these bones live?” So I answered, “O Lord GOD, You know.” Again He said to me, “Prophesy to these bones, and say to them, ‘O dry bones, hear the Word of the LORD!’ Thus says the Lord GOD to these bones: “Surely I will cause breath to enter into you, and you shall live.” Then He said to me, “Prophesy to the breath, prophesy, son of man, and say to the breath, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe on these smitten, that they may live.’” So I prophesied as He commanded me, and breath came into them, and they lived, and stood upon their feet. (The breath of God refers to the Holy Spirit who quickens our mortal bodies—Romans 8:11.)

Ezekiel 47:12 (xref Rev 22:1-2)  All kinds of fruit trees will grow along the riverbanks. The leaves will never turn brown and fall, and there will always be fruit. There will be a new crop every month—without fail!  For they are watered by the river flowing from the Sanctuary. The fruit will be for food and the leaves for medicine.

Joel 3:10  Let the weak say, ‘I am strong.’

Nahum 1:9  Affliction will not rise up a second time.

Zechariah 4:6-7  This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, “Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.” Who art thou, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a [level] plain. xref Mark 11:23

Malachi 4:2  But unto you that fear My Name shall the Sun of Righteousness arise with healing in His wings.

The word “wings” in Malachi 4:2 is, according to the Hebrew definition, referring to the hem, border, edge of the garment, such as of the priestly robe or the fringes of a prayer shawl.

In the New Testament, Matthew tells of the account in Matthew 9:20-22 of a woman who had an issue of blood (hemorrhaging) for 12 years and had spent all she had on doctors and was not any better. She heard that Jesus was in town. She said to herself: “If I might just touch the hem of His garment, I shall be made whole.” She spoke in faith, then took action and pressed through the crowds. When she made it to Jesus, she touched the hem of His robe or the prayer shawl He was wearing, and when she did, she was instantly healed of her affliction. Jesus felt virtue (healing power) go out of him and asked who touched him. Then the woman told her whole story to Him and all those around her … about how she had suffered with this affliction for 12 years and was only growing worse, she had spent every dime on doctors but was not any better, but that now she was healed and whole through the power of Jesus Christ.

Other passages mention that more people were healed when they touched the hem of Jesus’ garment. See Matthew 14:35-36 and Mark 6:56.

Jesus’ robe signified His Priestly authority. The priestly garment symbolizes a mantle of the Anointing of the Holy Spirit. He is our Great High Priest from the Tribe of Judah in the order of Melchizedek (which is a Heavenly and eternal Priesthood).

The prayer shawl represents being wrapped in all the promises of God that are legally ours through the Covenant we have with God.  One of those promises is healing and health.

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